Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Coláiste Ríoga na Máinleá in Éirinn

Respiratory/cardiovascular research

Respiratory/cardiovascular research contributes to knowledge in the areas of cardiovascular and respiratory disease prevention, treatment and management, including the effects of exercise on functional capacity and quality of life, physical activity levels and cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Research activity has focused on the efficacy of exercise interventions and their impact on the functional capacity and quality of life of people living with conditions such as peripheral arterial disease, respiratory disease and chronic kidney disease. Research has been conducted in collaboration with a variety of clinical departments.

Exercise and Intermittent Claudication: Randomised Trial of Health Outcomes and Cost-Benefits

Research team
Prof. Marie Guidon, Prof H McGee
Description
A randomised controlled trial whereby patients with intermittent claudication were allocated to a control or an exercise group. Subjects in the exercise group completed a 12-week supervised exercise programme. Outcome measures included functional capacity, quality of life and cardiovascular risk factors.
Collaborations
Vascular Surgery Department, Non-invasive Vascular Laboratory, Cardiology Department, Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, Beaumont Hospital
Funding
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Research Committee
Publications
Guidon M and McGee H. (2010). Exercise-based interventions and health-related quality of life in intermittent claudication: a 20-year (1989-2008) review. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, Apr, 17(2), 140-54. PMID: 20215969 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
  • Guidon M, McGee H and Kelly C. (2010) Quality of life and functional capacity following peripheral arterial disease exercise programme. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 17, Suppl2, 102.
  • Guidon M, Chavira M, McGee H, Sheahan R and Kelly C. (2008).  Recruitment to exercise programmes: challenges in the peripheral arterial disease population. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation,14, S147

The Effects of a Supervised 8 Week Exercise Programme in Dialysis Patients.

Research team
Prof. Marie Guidon, Ms Claire Egan, Mr Kevin O Connor, Prof Peter Conlon
Description
The purpose of this study was to pilot an exercise programme for renal patients during dialysis and to investigate the effects of the intervention on strength, functional capacity and quality of life.
Collaborations
Renal and Physiotherapy Departments, Beaumont Hospital
Funding
HRB Summer Student Research Grant
Presentation
O’Connor K, Conlon P, Egan C and Guidon M: The effects of a supervised 8 week exercise programme in dialysis patients. RCSI Research Day April 2011

Lung Function and Sleep Efficiency in COPD Patients

Research team
Prof Marie Guidon, Ms Brenda Deering, Ms. Niamh Kenny, Ms Niamh Mc Cormack, Prof Richard Costello
Description
The relationship between sleep efficiency (SE) and lung function using an objective measure of sleep quality was examined. The study also explored how effectively COPD patients recalled their sleep quality by comparing subjective and objective measures of sleep.
Collaborations: COPD Outreach Team, Beaumont Hospital
Funding
HRB Summer Student Research Grant
Presentations
Costello R, Guidon M, Deering B, McCormack N and Kenny N. Lung function and sleep efficiency in COPD patients. HRB Watts Medal Competition, Dublin Castle, December 2009

Levels of Physical Activity, Socio-Demographic Profile, Illness and Exercise Perceptions in Phase IV Cardiac Rehabilitation Participants

Research team
Prof Marie Guidon, Ms. Siobhan O Rourke, Ms Sinead O’Sullivan
Description
The aim of this study was to ascertain the level of adherence to physical activity in Phase IV cardiac rehabilitation (CR) participants one year post-enrolment in Phase III CR and to investigate associations with participants’ characteristics, illness and exercise perceptions.
Collaborations
Cardiology and Cardiac Rehabilitation Departments, Beaumont Hospital
Publications/Presentations
O Rourke S, O Sullivan S and Guidon M. Levels of physical activity, socio-demographic profile, illness and exercise perceptions in Phase IV cardiac rehabilitation participants. British Association for Cardiac Rehabilitation and Irish Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation Joint Annual Conference, Belfast, September 2006.
Awarded prize by BACR for “Best Academic Contribution” in the poster presentation.

Attitude towards Physical Activity and Body Mass Index in Fourth Class Dublin Schoolchildren

Research team
Prof Marie Guidon, Ms. Fiona Crehan, Ms Caragh Crowley
Description
The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of fourth-class schoolchildren (9-11 years) to physical activity and to determine the relationship, if any, between attitudes and body mass index (BMI). An additional objective was to compare attitudes towards physical activity between boys and girls and between children in mixed and single sex schools.
Publications/Presentations
Guidon M, Crehan F and Crowley C. (2007) Attitude towards physical activity and body mass index in fourth class Dublin schoolchildren. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation,14, S1 (S36).