Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland Coláiste Ríoga na Máinleá in Éirinn

Fulbright Fellows


Professor Kenneth D. Ward

University of Memphis

On March 1st 2016 the Department of Psychology welcomed Professor Kenneth Ward, Educator in Residence and Fulbright Scholar to the College for a three month period.

Professor Ward is Professor and Director of the Division of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Memphis  School of Public Health.  He also serves as Adjunct Professor of Preventive Medicine at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, and Intervention Director of the Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies. Professor Ward trained as a clinical health psychologist and is a Certified Tobacco Treatment Specialist.  During his time in rCSI Professor Ward focussed on the following activities:

  1. The development of educaitonal materials for a student-led intervention programme for health promotion and bahaviour change in hospital settings
  2. The evaluation of the programme in randomised trial format

His expertise in addiction, expecially smoking, and behavioural trials were of particular value to RCSI in the development of these educational and research initiatives. 


Professor Anne Swisher

Director of Scholarship Development, West Virginia University

Professor Anne Swisher completed a three month period as Fulbright Scholar at the RCSI School of Physiotherapy from September 2015.  She has been an educator in physical therapy for 20 years and has expertise in cardiorespiratory physical therapy, exercise physiology and oncology physical therapy.  Professor Swisher is very active in the area of exercise for people with cystic fibrosis, including being a co-founder of the International Exercise Research Workgroups through both the CF Foundation (in the US) and the European Cystic Fibrosis Society.  Her scholarship portfolio includes many publications, several grant-funded projects and extensive teaching both within the University and at professional conferences.  In addition, she Editor-in-Chief of the Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Journal, which represents this area of physical therapy practice throughout the world. 

Professor Swisher has a great interest in learning from and collaborating with health educators, especially physiotherapists, in other countries, health systems and cultures.  She previously completed a short-term Fulbright at the University of Sydney in 2007. 



Professor Clarence Krieter

Department of Family Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine

Professor Kreiter took up the position of Fulbright Scholar in RCSI in February 2015 for a three month period.  He has a doctorate in quantitative psychology, measurement and statistics.  He serves on editorial boards for three medical education journals and published on topics related to innovative cognitive and clinical skills assessment designs, statistical selection methods, research design, simulation, Bayesian reasoning, generalizability theory, and validity generalization.  Professor Kreiter also consults on research design and statistics.  He teaches graduate level courses on educational measurement and education assessment in medical education.  

The Fulbright assignment involved research and development of both traditional and computer-based simulation assessment methods as well as a teaching collaboration with the RCSI graduate program in Health Professions Education.  Reliable and valid scoring of responses to computer-based simulations represents a crucial step in developing a useful performance-based assessment of clinical reasoning.  There has been relatively little research aimed at design features that are capable of maximizing both psychometric and learning outcomes.  This represents a key challenge in incorporating this technology within the medical school.  RCSI has an active faculty interest in this topic and work is ongoing in the field of virtual patient simulations and Mechanistic Case Diagraming (MCD) developed at UICOM for simulations in diagnostic laboratory testing (LabCAPS) that are aimed at both instruction and assessment of clinical reasoning.